Amy's Corner. our lactation consultant answers your questions about nursing.

Infant Sleep Part 3: Night Terrors

As we discussed in parts 1 and 2 of our series, infant sleep can be somewhat volatile.  Add in vibrant dreams, nightmares or night terrors and wakefulness may be the new sleepiness in your household.  We’ve already dissected dreams and nightmares so today we’re taking a look at night terrors.

Unlike nightmares, night terrors (sometimes called sleep terrors or confusional arousal) occur during a sleep transition. During sleep transitions your baby is fighting between staying asleep and being awake.  The goal is to “train” your baby to stay asleep, however sometimes wakefulness wins.  This is when night terrors of “confusional events” (as named by Dr. Ferber) happen.

infant sleepNight terrors and confusional events typically occur during the first two hours of sleep when babies transition from their deepest sleep of the night into a new sleep cycle.  Babies are not truly awake during these events although they may be moving about and even have their eyes open.  Mild confusional events last only a few seconds and are marked by small sounds and movements before a baby returns to sleep.

However it’s when babies wake suddenly and cry out in panic that a true night terror is occurring.  Night terrors can cause your baby to be hot, elevate her heart rate and she may cry out for a long time.  Because your baby is not fully awake, you may not be able to comfort her.  But this also means she probably won’t remember it at all and she’s not going to be traumatized by the fear.

Night terrors usually won’t last more than an hour, and are typically over in less than 10 minutes.  When they hear their babies cry during confusional events and night terrors, most parents run to pick up their babies out of concern.  However, it is best to give your baby a few minutes to settle herself.  This will help teach your baby to self-soothe and to let sleepiness reign over wakefulness during the transition between sleep cycles.  If you are worried about her safety from flailing about, go in a check on her but don’t wake her up.

Night terrors usually occur in older children, starting around age 10.  But they can occur in babies as well.  You may notice night terrors start just before age one.  If they persist, consult your pediatrician to see if you should try to change your baby’s sleep pattern for more peaceful sleep.

We hope you’ve enjoyed our series on infant sleep.  Wishing you and your baby sweet dreams!

Alcohol and Breastfeeding

Many new moms have questions about alcohol and breastfeeding.  Perhaps it is the stress of caring for an infant or the 9 months of pregnancy without alcohol that makes new moms want to have a drink.  Today we’re exploring alcohol and breastfeeding to share the potential side-effects and conventional recommendations on what is safe for your baby.

Alcohol in Breast Milk

Just like anything else you consume, alcohol will enter your breast milk to some extent.  However, only 2% of alcohol hits your bloodstream and your breast milk, which is a relatively small amount for you.  For your baby, it is still pretty small, but may have a larger impact on her immature liver.  Depending on your size, metabolism and fat storage, it takes alcohol and breastfeedingapproximately half an hour to an hour for alcohol to enter your breast milk if you’re drinking without eating, and up to 90 minutes if you consume alcohol with food.  Alcohol stays in breast milk as long as it stays in the bloodstream, but it does not accumulate in breast milk.

Also, pumping does not eliminate alcohol from breast milk.  Pumping is only necessary to maintain milk supply if you need to skip a regular feeding because you fear high levels of alcohol in your milk.  The milk should be discarded and you should continue to pump until the alcohol is out of your bloodstream and milk supply.

Effects of Alcohol on Breastfed Babies

It’s impossible to know how alcohol will affect every breastfed baby.  It is certainly dependant on the size and age of the baby as well as how much and how consistently the mother drinks.  Various research shows that alcohol may affect breastfed babies by reducing their length of sleep, amount they eat and impairing their gross motor skills by age one.

Safety Guidelines for Drinking Alcohol and Breastfeeding

Conventional guidelines indicate that drinking alcohol in moderation is OK while breastfeeding.  This means that if you can safely drive a car, you are safe to breastfeed your baby.  Experts advise occasional intake (one or two times per week) and not to have more than one drink a day consisting of 2 oz. of hard liquor, 8 oz. of wine or 2 beers.  It is safest to breastfeed two hours or more after consuming alcohol to reduce its impact on your baby.  Also, babies under 3 months will have more difficulty and take longer to process alcohol so abstaining during the first few months may be wise.

Alcohol and Breast Milk Supply

There is an old wives’ tale that beer increases milk supply.  No research supports this myth and in fact, the opposite may be true.  Alcohol is dehydrating, which may reduce milk supply.  It’s a good idea to drink extra water when drinking alcohol and breastfeeding.  If babies are eating less due to alcohol in breast milk, milk supply may decrease over time.  Additionally, alcohol limits production of oxytocin an essential hormone required to make milk.  Let downs may also be inhibited from excessive alcohol consumption.

The bottom line about alcohol and breastfeeding is that having an occasional drink is considered safe.  However, you should consult your pediatrician and monitor your baby for any negative effects of alcohol while breastfeeding.

World Breastfeeding Week 2016

Leading Lady Supports the Health and Well-Being

of Moms and Babies with the Ultimate Donation

of over $250,000 in Nursing Bras

during World Breastfeeding Week



Leading Lady is giving expectant and new moms the ultimate support this World Breastfeeding Week with a landmark donation of over $250,000 in nursing bras and breastfeeding essentials.  We’ve partnered with the healthy infant feeding advocacy non-profit Best for Babes to engage moms through our Ultimate World Breastfeeding Week initiative.  Together we aim to provide resources for moms to motivate and support them as they nurture their babies.

Leading Lady’s unwavering support for breastfeeding during World Breastfeeding Week and all year long touches thousands of mothers through breastfeeding awareness, educational materials and quality nursing apparel. With our biggest donation of breastfeeding essentials EVER of over 28,000 nursing bras and nursing covers, our goal is to encourage moms to make the very best nutritional choice for the health and well-being of their babies.

Our nursing bra donations will be distributed to breastfeeding support organizations nationwide including WIC (the USDA’s Women, Infant and Children program), La Leche League, ROSE (Reaching Our Sisters Everywhere) and BMBFA (Black Mothers Breastfeeding Association).  Breastfeeding and parenting website is also a partner in supporting moms and babies this World Breastfeeding Week.

Additionally Best for Babes is the new home to the Ultimate Healthy Infant Feeding Resource Guide, which is a non-judgmental evidence-based destination for curated links to assist moms who want to make the best choices for their babies.

Learn more about our Ultimate World Breastfeeding Week initiative below and join our celebration on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram!

The Ultimate World Breastfeeding Week Press Release

The Ultimate Healthy Infant Feeding Resource Guide

Partner Spotlight:  Reaching Our Sisters Everywhere (ROSE)

Breastfeeding in Public, A Mother’s Choice

Breastfeeding Success Story: Ashley, Sidney Shelby County, OH – WIC

World Breastfeeding Week Press Release

Breastfeeding for Health & Well-Being

Breastfeeding and Your Ecological Footprint

Partner Spotlight: La Leche League USA

Breastfeeding and the Economy

Breastfeeding and the Workplace

Breastfeeding Success Story: Danielle, Elizabethton Birth Rally & BABE Breastfeeding Coalition

Breastfeeding and Healthy Eating Habits

Black Breastfeeding Week 2016

Infant Sleep Part 2: Dreams and Nightmares

Many parents wonder if their baby can dream.  The answer is yes.  Experts believe that babies dream frequently since they spend most of their time in REM sleep where dreams occur.  Dreams are usually pleasant but sometimes they can be scary, which is the definition of a nightmare.  We’re diving into infant sleep again and taking a look at dreams and nightmares today.

infant sleepDreams

Your baby is constantly learning and during sleep is no exception.  When your baby dreams, she is probably revisiting her experiences from the day.  This is how she processes information and stores it in her rapidly growing brain.  You may notice your baby dreaming when she coos, smiles or moves her arms and legs.  Chances are, she’s dreaming about all the fun things you taught her that day.

Sometimes babies wake themselves up during dreams due to their own movement.  You can help young babies stay asleep by swaddling them or holding them closely and snuggly to your body.  For older kids, tuck them in tightly or have them sleep in a sleeping bag that will prevent big movements.


Nightmares can occur if your baby remembers something “traumatic” that happened during the day.  That’s not to say you are damaging your child because she was crying for a few minutes over wanting to be held.  But to your baby, that feels sad and lonely when all she wants is to feel happy and secure.

Babies usually wake up and cry out from nightmares.  Of course they may be waking up for other reasons too so it’s hard to know if your baby had a nightmare since she can’t tell you.  Nightmares generally occur in the later part of overnight sleep, closer to morning time.

Try to make your baby’s sleep environment feel safe and comfortable to help her avoid any frights or anxiety when she’s alone in her room.  Stick to a soothing, loving bedtime routine that includes lots of holding and cuddling.  Determine what your baby enjoys in her room – a fan, nightlight or music may be particularly peaceful to your baby.  Also, since dreams and nightmares stem from what happens during the day, consider ways your baby may be sensitive to her surroundings including tone.  As she processes her day emotionally, she may be working through anxiety over what she experienced.

If she does wake up from a nightmare, hold, rock or nurse her to comfort her back to sleep.  Stay with her to make sure she’s really asleep as this will be assuring that whatever bad dream she had will not harm her.  Mommy is there for her now.

When your children are old enough to talk, discuss dreams. When nightmares happen, get your child to talk about it as much as possible to identify and overcome the fear.

Next week we’ll examine another scary infant sleep behavior, night terrors.

Ways for Dad to Bond with Baby

Who’s excited about Father’s Day?  We are!  Dads are our other half, our partners in parenting and our soul mates.  But when a new baby is added to your family, dad may feel he’s the odd one out.  That doesn’t have to be the case.  To celebrate all the new dads out there, we’re sharing ways for dad to bond with baby.

Ways for Dad to Bond with BabySkin-to-skin Cuddle Time

From the moment your baby is born, she longs for human contact.  It’s how she feels safe, comforted and loved.  Moms get lots of skin-to-skin contact by breastfeeding day and night.  Dad can participate in this loving act as well by simply taking off his shirt and lying down with baby to share in a special bonding moment.

Consoling Baby

We all know babies cry and some dads have the tendency to pass baby back to mom when that happens.  However, there are two reasons why dad should console his crying baby.  First, if he always lets mom intervene, baby will learn that it’s OK to cry for mom and she will eventually take over.  Secondly, babies need to know that dads are there for them too.  If dad can tough it out and try to calm her, baby will learn that dad is a nurturer just like mom.

Give Baby a Bath

Bath time is a wonderful opportunity for daddy/baby bonding.  Even if mom typically gives the bath, dad can step in once in awhile.  This gives dad a chance to play, sing and act silly with baby in a familiar environment.  Especially if baby loves to take a bath, allowing dad to take over can help keep her relaxed when mom steps away.  After bath time, dad can give baby a massage with baby oil or lotion and spend time cuddling.

Daddy Play Time

Dads should spend special times playing with baby.  Reading books, singing songs in front of a mirror, saying nursing rhymes, making silly faces, dancing, looking at photo albums and otherwise engaging baby in fun play are all wonderful ways to spend time together.  If dad is not around for most of the day, enjoying happy experiences together will promote the bonding process.

Take a Walk

Dad can take baby for a walk in the stroller or in a baby carrier so the two can enjoy nature together.  Babies love fresh air and observing things in nature such as the wind rustling the trees or squirrels chasing one another.  Dad can describe the scenery and have a heart-to-heart with baby as they trek the neighborhood or a park.

Spend the Day Together

Dad may not get to do the daily routine often, but when he can, he should take on the bulk of the parenting for a day.  Mom may need to be involved for feedings, but otherwise, let dad handle the diaper changes, naps and all other daily activities.  It is good for both dad and baby to get to know each other’s expressions, mannerisms, likes and dislikes.  Only spending time together can reveal these unique characteristics that will create an intimate relationship.

We wish everyone a Happy Father’s Day with lots of baby bonding!

Infant Sleep Part 1: Sleep Basics

Your baby and sleep are two fascinating topics that hopefully mesh well.  Research on sleep is prolific, even infant sleep.  We know that babies dream just like adults and they can have nightmares and night terrors as well.  Over the next few weeks we’ll be exploring infant sleep as it pertains to dreams, nightmares and night terrors.

First, some basic information about infant sleep:

infant sleepEvery parent wishes for their baby to sleep soundly and for a long period of time, especially at night.  But according to Dr. Sears, babies’ sleep patterns differ from older children and adults, which is one reason why they wake up in the night more often.

Babies spend most of their sleep time in REM sleep.  That stands for Rapid Eye Movement and it is a stage of sleep when the brain is very active.  The additional REM sleep is by design because it’s a time when babies are learning.  Blood flow increases to the brain and nerve proteins are forming. Your baby is recalling things she experienced throughout the day and processing them as storage.  More brain development occurs during infancy than any other time in your baby’s life and sleep accelerates the process.  She’s getting smarter with each snore!

Babies also have shorter sleep cycles than adults.  We usually have sleep cycles that last around 90 minutes.  Babies’ sleep cycles are around 50-60 minutes.  You may notice your baby shifts and fidgets about every hour during her sleep.  This is because she’s starting a new sleep cycle. During the transition, she may be more likely to wake, especially if she is stimulated by perhaps a hungry belly, noise or she’s feeling too hot or cold.

Dreams and nightmares (bad dreams) occur during REM sleep.  Night terrors happen during the transitional stages of sleep when the brain is struggling between whether to stay asleep or wake up.  But more on that later.

Between more REM sleep and shorter sleep cycles, babies are pretty light sleepers.  About half that of adults, in fact.  Falling asleep takes longer for babies too.  Getting into a deep sleep takes around 20 minutes for most infants.  When your baby falls asleep in your arms you may notice that your baby’s eyes are flittering beneath her eyelids, and she’s making facial expressions, hand movements and even mouth suckling for the first 20 minutes or so.  Then you’ll feel your baby’s breathing calm and lengthen, her body will feel limp and you’ll know she’s in a deep sleep.

Some babies have a hard time getting to sleep at bedtime or getting back to sleep after waking up.  In early infancy babies often need parents to help them fall asleep or fall back asleep.  Rocking your baby, breastfeeding her, shushing her, rubbing her belly or back and being present can make your baby feel secure and calm enough for sleep.  Your baby’s sleep habits are not a testament to good parenting or a sign of bad parenting.  Rather, it’s inherent to who your baby is and a baby’s natural lighter sleep tendencies.

Stay tuned next week when we discuss dreams and nightmares in infant sleep.

Breastfeeding a Baby with a Tongue-Tie

Breastfeeding a baby with a tongue-tieBreastfeeding a baby with a tongue-tie can be a difficult situation.  A tongue-tie is when the tongue is restricted from a full range of motion.  Medically it is called ankyloglossia and is sometimes referred to as a short frenulum or tongue mobility restriction.  Most new moms would not know that their baby is tongue-tied unless formally diagnosed by a pediatrician or lactation consultant, which can make trying to breastfeed even more frustrating.

Symptoms of a Baby with a Tongue-Tie

A tongue-tie prevents babies from effectively latching, sucking and swallowing during feedings.  As you can imagine, this makes breastfeeding very difficult.  Often babies will not be able to latch or stay latched, or will stay on the breast but not suckle enough breast milk for satisfaction.  These situations result in fussy, hungry babies and very frustrated mamas.

Besides not latching, a baby who does not gain weight or who doesn’t have frequent wet and soiled diapers may have a tongue-tie.  Other signs of tongue-tie include choking during feedings and making clicking sounds with the mouth.  When babies aren’t consuming enough milk, it can cause a low milk supply for mothers or oversupply that can lead to plugged ducts and mastitis.

Lactation consultants and pediatricians look for several factors when diagnosing tongue-tie.  Usually the baby cannot lift his tongue to the roof of his mouth and cannot stick out his tongue past his lower gums.  Experts examine elevation, lateralization and extension of the tongue to help determine tongue-tie. However, it’s important to note, however, that tongue-tie is diagnosed by function, or lack thereof, not by the appearance of the tongue or frenulum.

A lip tie is similar to a tongue-tie but the tight membrane connects the upper lip to the gums in this case. Many babies who have tongue-tie also have lip-tie.  Lip-tie can further complicate feedings because babies cannot wrap their upper lip around the breast properly and may make the baby take in excess air.

Causes of Tongue-Tie

The impeded mobility in babies with tongue-tie is caused by a membrane under the tongue connecting the floor of the mouth known as the lingual frenulum.  If this membrane is too short or too thick, it can restrict the tongue’s movement for proper breastfeeding.  Usually the issue resolves in utero by the end of the first trimester but approximately 15% of babies are left tongue-tied at birth.  Statistics show more boys than girls have tongue-tie and it may be genetic.

Overcoming a Tongue-Tie

Some babies with tongue-tie find ways to work around their feeding issues on their own.  They compensate for their restricted tongue mobility in other ways and can get enough milk to thrive.

Other times medical experts recommend a frenotomy or frenectomy where the membrane is cut to allow more range of motion.  This can be done with lasers or surgical scissors with local anesthesia and a sedative.

A tongue-tie may not present itself as an issue immediately after birth.  Some tongue-tied babies succeed at breastfeeding when their mother’s milk supply is high and let-downs are forceful and frequent.  As milk supply settles and steadies, these babies may have a harder time getting milk because they cannot latch, suck and swallow as necessary.

Breastfeeding isn’t the only complication with a tongue-tied baby.  Speech, eating and dental care may impact the child as he grows up.  Certain sounds and actions may be limited by a tongue-tie and food may get stuck in hard-to-reach teeth causing tooth decay.

Breastfeeding a baby with tongue-tie is challenging.  If you suspect your baby has a tongue-tie, visit your pediatrician to get a formal diagnosis and discuss options for correcting it.

Nanny vs. Daycare: Pros and Cons

When it’s time to return to work after your maternity leave, one of the most heated and nerve-racking decisions in parenting is nanny vs. daycare.  While there is no universal “right decision,” there may be a choice that makes more sense for you.  And whatever you choose at first may not be the best long term option as your baby grows older or you have more children.  Today we’re examining the pros and cons of nanny vs. daycare.

nanny vs. daycareNANNY

The Pros of having a Nanny

  • When you find the right fit for your family a nanny can be like a second mother to your children.  Without the many distractions you face, a nanny may even be able to give your child more undivided attention than you could.
  • A nanny is more convenient because you don’t have to pack up your kids – and their endless supplies – and take them somewhere outside your home.  This is especially important if you have to report to work early or often stay late.
  • Your children get to remain in their own familiar home environment and take naps in their own cribs.
  • Many nannies help with other household chores including laundry, cleaning and food prep.

The Cons of having a Nanny

  • Nannies are usually more expensive than daycare, especially when you have to factor in taxes.
  • If your nanny is sick or on vacation, you will need alternative care for your children.
  • Finding the right nanny can be time consuming.  You may go through several nannies until you find the right one for you and your kids.
  • Having a nanny in your home may make you uncomfortable and invade your privacy.

nanny vs. daycareDAYCARE

The Pros of Daycare

  • Daycare provides a stimulating social environment for your children to learn to play, share, appreciate and make friends with other kids their age.
  • Daycare workers must have certifications and often have special training to take care of young children.  They can help you navigate parenting landmines and offer advice.
  • Daycare is usually less expensive than a nanny and sometimes meals are included.
  • You may also make new friends by meeting other families at daycare.
  • The daycare you select may be closer to your workplace than your home, making it easier to visit your children throughout the day.

The Cons of Daycare

  • Daycares offer less individualized attention for each child based on higher child/teacher ratios.
  • Children who go to daycare are often sick more because germs are spread around like wildfires.  If your child is sick, she may have to stay home and you’ll need alternative care.
  • Your mornings will probably be hectic as you have to get yourself and your children ready and out the door so you can get to work on time.
  • The comforts of home are lacking, especially when it comes to naptime.
  • Daycares have high turnover rates so there may not be consistency of care.
  • Finding a daycare with hours that sync with your work schedule may be challenging.

Deciding “nanny vs. daycare” is a very personal choice.  Weigh the pros and cons to determine which seems right for your family.  Then continue to reevaluate as your children get older and make changes accordingly.

How to Lose Weight While Breastfeeding

After spending nine months gaining weight during pregnancy, most women are eager to start shedding the pounds once their precious baby arrives.  When you are nursing your baby you may be curious how to lose weight while breastfeeding.  Extreme diets are not recommended while breastfeeding, however there are some ways you can safely lose weight while breastfeeding and move towards your pre-pregnancy weight and shape.

First things first, don’t try to lose weight while breastfeeding immediately after giving birth.  Your body stored fat during pregnancy to help you lactate.  For the first two months, focus on establishing healthy and consistent breastfeeding.  Your body needs time to regain strength and nutrients after carrying your baby and giving birth and it is now readjusting to your needs as a nursing mom.  Give yourself this grace period.  You’ll surely notice weight loss from the baby’s weight and placenta almost immediately, and over the course of the first few months you’ll release much of the water you retained during pregnancy and your blood supply will decrease as well.

how to lose weight while breastfeedingJust like losing weight at any other point in your life, how to lose weight while breastfeeding requires examination of your diet and physical activity.  Breastfeeding alone burns between 200 and 500 extra calories a day.  Therefore, it’s important to consume enough calories to sustain your normal daily activities plus breastfeeding.  That’s usually between 1,800 to 2,200 calories daily.  When breastfeeding, never dip below 1,500 calories.  That’s the absolute minimum you need to generate energy for caring for yourself and your baby.

If you are going to reduce your caloric intake, do it gradually so your body has time to adjust.  Eliminate excessive fats and simple sugars and carbohydrates first.  Be sure to get plenty of protein, fruits and vegetables, lean dairy products and whole grains.  These are generally lower-calorie foods and are better for your body anyways.  Also, try eating smaller meals and snacks consistently throughout the day rather than three large meals.  Keeping your blood sugar levels stable is essential for weight loss and sustaining energy.

Add physical activity to your daily routine gradually as well.  Again, don’t start significant workouts until about two months after your baby is born.  Then build up your fitness level over time.  Walking is great exercise you can do with your baby.  Also focus on strengthening exercises as this will promote lean muscles mass that will continue to burn fat and calories by increasing your resting metabolic rate.

Keep in mind since you didn’t gain the pounds overnight, don’t expect to lose them that quickly either.  In fact, losing weight too quickly during pregnancy could compromise your health.  It is unlikely to impact the quality of your breast milk unless you take drastic measures.  But when you don’t have strength and energy to care for your baby, no one wins.  Making a goal of losing one to one-and-a-half pounds per week should be your max.

Most breastfeeding mothers see the greatest weight loss between three and six months after giving birth.  Your metabolism is returning to normal after pregnancy and you are in a good breastfeeding rhythm.  Studies show that mothers who exclusively breastfeed have an easier time losing weight than women who consume less calories and don’t breastfeed.

If you have concerns about how to lose weight while breastfeeding, consult your OBGYN or primary care physician.  You should be able to lose weight while breastfeeding if you do it gradually and thoughtfully with you and your baby’s health in mind.

Tips for Flying with a Baby

Many parents avoid air travel with their babies because they fear being “those parents” that have a screaming baby on a plane.  But if you think about it, traveling while your baby is young, relatively immobile and sleeps often is actually a great idea.  When your baby is a bit older, traveling may be quite disruptive of her schedule and she may feel very constrained by having to sit for long periods of time.  Rather than avoiding air travel altogether, use these tips for flying with a baby to help ease the trip as much as possible.

Tips for Flying with a BabyWhen booking your flight, consider your baby’s schedule.  If flights are offered at various times, pick ones that allow your baby to sleep around the time of her regular naps.  To the extent possible, avoid scheduling flights that would mean the check-in process falls during naptime.  Between getting out of your car, getting your tickets and going through security, your baby is bound to wake up and be cranky in the airport if she didn’t get a proper nap.  Doing the best you can to get your baby to sleep on the plane is ideal for everyone.  Also, book direct flights rather than prolonging your trip with a layover.  Trust us, it’s worth the extra money.

Speak to the airline prior to your flight to find out what they offer in the way of making flying with a baby as pleasant as possible for you and all the other passengers on the flight.  Often they can recommend seats or areas of the plane that offer more space or privacy.  Some airlines provide baby bassinets to make sleeping on the plane more comfortable for your baby.

If your finances or awards miles allow, try upgrading your seats so you have more space.  Everyone is more comfortable when they are not crammed into tight quarters.  Although not required until age two, buy a seat for your baby as well to give both of you plenty of room.

Experts agree that flying is safest when babies are in a car seat.  Be sure to check size regulations before traveling to make sure yours is compatible with your airline’s seats.  Keep your baby strapped in as much as possible during the flight, especially during take-off, landing and turbulence.

Sometimes pressure changes hurt babies’ ears during take-off and landing.  Be prepared to breastfeed your baby at those times.  The sucking action should help relieve your baby’s discomfort.  However, not all babies experience pain from cabin pressure so leave your baby alone if she seems fine.

Don’t let your baby get hungry.  Stick to your normal breastfeeding routine.  Err on the side of offering more feedings than not enough.  We all know that a hungry baby is a fussy baby so do your best to avoid that situation.  You may need to stop somewhere in the airport to nurse before your flight so allow for extra time.

Make sure you have all the supplies you need including extra clothes in case you have an explosive diaper or spit-up.  Bring toys, a favorite lovey and books to entertain your baby as much as possible if she gets antsy.  If it is safe to move about the airplane, walk your baby around to give her a change of scenery.  Most passengers will delight in seeing a happy baby on their flight.

If your baby is fussy or crying during the flight, don’t panic.  Do the best you can.  Others understand that babies cry.  It’s the parents that do nothing about their crying babies that are often the most irritating.  If you are doing your best, other passengers will likely be more understanding than you would think.  Chances are they were in your shoes at one point or another.

Enjoy your summer travels with these tips for flying with a baby!

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breastfeeding and co-sleeping
Breastfeeding and Earth Day
Breastfeeding and Exercise
Breastfeeding and Health Care
breastfeeding and healthy eating
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Breastfeeding and Ovulating
Breastfeeding and Pregnancy
breastfeeding and pumping
breastfeeding and returning to work
breastfeeding and SIDS
breastfeeding and skin-to-skin
breastfeeding and smell
breastfeeding and the environment
breastfeeding and the working mom
Breastfeeding and the Workplace
breastfeeding and touch
breastfeeding and Valentine's Day
breastfeeding and weight loss
breastfeeding and your baby's gut
Breastfeeding Benefits
breastfeeding benefits for mothers
breastfeeding body cleanse
breastfeeding challenges
Breastfeeding Classes
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Breastfeeding During the Holidays
Breastfeeding Education
Breastfeeding for the Health & Well-Being of Babies and Mothers
breastfeeding good for moms
breastfeeding help
Breastfeeding in Public
breastfeeding in sling
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breastfeeding laws
breastfeeding makes you hungry
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Breastfeeding Policy
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Breastfeeding Promotes Healthy Eating Habits
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Breastfeeding Registry
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breastfeeding success story
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Breastfeeding Tips
breastfeeding tops
breastfeeding twins
Breastfeeding with Inverted Nipples
breathing techniques during pregnancy
bump style
caesarean section
can dads have postpartum depression
can pregnant women eat shrimp
car accident while pregnant
car safety during pregnancy
Car Seats for Every Age
causes of preterm labor
Celebrate Mother's Day
celebrate Valentine's Day with your kids
Celebrating New Years with Kids
celebrating with kids
Celebrity Babies
celebrity pregnancies
characteristics of children based on birth order
child development
child proofing
childhood obesity
children and dry drowning
Children's Play
Chris Hemsworth
Christian Bale
Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve activities
Christopher Nolan
chubby babies
cleaning car
cloth diapers
Cluster Feeding
cold weather activities
colicky baby
colostrum benefits
Comfortable Bras
common poisons
common pregnancy questions
compression tights
confident children
confident kids
cooking with kids this Thanksgiving
Coping with Sleep Deprivation
cord blood banking
corn maze
cosmetics during pregnancy
cradle cap
crafts for kids
crib safety
Crossing the Midline
Cute Babies
cute maternity clothes
dad and baby bonding
dads and babies
dads with depression
Danah Bordner
dangers of smoking during pregnancy
dangers of smoking while breastfeeding
deciding to have a second child
decrease a baby's risk of SIDS
dental health
depression and weaning
detox while breastfeeding
developing baby's senses
development of hearing
developmental milestones
diaper change
diaper tips
Diapering Tips
dietary restrictions
dieting while breastfeeding
different ways to praise a child
disadvantages of being left handed
discipline tactics that work
DIY baby Halloween costumes
does my baby need therapy
donate breast milk
donating toys
Doutzen Kroes
Drew Barrymore
drinking while pregnant
dropping naps
dry drowning
dry skin
Dysphoric Milk Ejection Reflex
ear infection
ear wax buildup
early childhood
early detection and breast cancer
Earth Day
Earth-Friendly Baby Care
easy Halloween costumes
easy Thanksgiving crafts
eating fish during pregnancy
Eating Fish During Pregnancy and While Breastfeeding
eating fish while breastfeeding
eating healthy during Halloween
Eating your Placenta
eco-friendly baby care
economics of breastfeeding
Elie Saab
Elsa Pataky
Emily blunt
emotions behind weaning
entitled children
establishing a bedtime routine
exercise and breastfeeding
exercise during pregnancy
exercise with baby
Extended Breastfeeding
factors that influence Length of Labor
facts about breast cancer
facts about Valentine's Day
fall activities
fall nursing bras
fall treats
fall wardrobe
family bed
family escape plan
family Halloween costumes
family photos
family physician
Family Planning
family planning trends
family size
Father's Day
Father's Day gift ideas
feeding your baby
Fertility Calendar
fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
fetal alcohol syndrome
finger foods
finger foods for babies
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fire safety for babies
fire safety for toddlers
fire safety in your home
fire safety tips
first birthday party
First Birthday Party Ideas
fish oil
fish recommendations for breastfeeding
flanges breast pump
flat nipples
flower crafts
Flower Crafts for Mother’s Day
flu shot during pregnancy
Flying While Pregnant
flying with baby
food allergies
food and drug administration
foods to avoid during pregnancy
Foods to Avoid While Breastfeeding
formal maternity dresses
fostering sibling relationships
free breast pump
free family activities
free family fun
Fun family activities on Christmas Eve
funny facts about breastfeeding
funny moments in parenting
Fussy Baby
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones HBO
gender neutral colors
gender neutral names
gender neutral nursery
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Gender Prediction
Getting Pregnant
getting ready for baby
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Gift Ideas
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girl baby vs. boy baby
girl names
girl or boy baby
give thanks for kids
giving back
giving back during holidays
good luck in the New Year
goodbye routines
hair during pregnancy
hair loss after pregnancy
hair loss during pregnancy
hair tourniquet
hair tourniquet syndrome
Halloween activities
Halloween activities for babies
Halloween costume ideas
Halloween costumes
Halloween eating tips
Halloween masks
Halloween tips
hand foot and mouth
hand foot and mouth disease
handling tantrums
handprint crafts
hands on pumping
happy baby
happy family
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harness car seats
Healing Powers of Breast Milk
health benefits of breastfeeding
healthy babies
healthy benefits of breastfeeding
Healthy Breakfasts
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Healthy Eating
healthy families
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healthy Halloween
healthy lifestyle
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healthy snack tricks for kids
healthy snacks
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healthy tips
hearing loss
Heart disease
heart health
heart health and your baby
heart healthy diet
heart healthy family
heart healthy lifestyle
history of Valentine's Day
holiday crafts for kids
holiday crats
holiday gifts for caregivers
holiday gifts for teachers
holiday handprint crafts
holiday schedule
holiday spirit
holiday traditions
home remedies for babies
homemade flowers
homemade gifts
homemade Mothers Day gift ideas
homemade Mothers Day gifts
Hospital Bag Checklist
hospitals and breastfeeding
How Baby Traits Influence Personality
how different animals breastfeed
how many calories does breastfeeding burn
how many calories should I eat while breastfeeding
how to avoid dry drowning
how to avoid poisoning
How to Avoid Raising Entitled Children
how to avoid reflux
how to baby proof
how to be a good patient
how to be earth-friendly with a baby
how to be sexy while breastfeeding
how to breastfeed
how to clean baby ears
how to clean up play room
how to clean your baby’s ears
how to diaper a baby
how to discipline a baby
how to discipline a child
How to Donate Breast Milk
how to ease baby into swimming
how to engage your baby with toys
how to establish a bedtime routine
how to fall asleep
how to fall asleep fast
how to get a free breast pump
how to get help while breastfeeding
how to get kids to drink water
how to get kids to eat healthy
how to get rid of cradle cap
how to get rid of stretch marks
how to go to sleep
how to handle thumb sucking
how to have good luck
how to have healthy family habits
how to help a left handed child
how to hire a nanny
how to hold baby while nursing
how to improve baby's hearing
how to increase milk supply
how to keep car clean
How to Keep Your Babysitter Happy
How to Lose Weight While Breastfeeding
how to manage pain during labor
how to potty train
how to prepare for breastfeeding
how to prevent baby from getting sick
how to raise happy kids
how to say goodbye to a child
How to Select a Pediatrician
how to sleep better
how to sleep train a baby
How to Stay Calm during a Child’s Tantrum
how to stop breastfeeding
how to stop breastfeeding at night
how to support a friend with breast cancer
how to take great family pictures
how to tell if baby is overweight
how to tell if your baby is a boy or girl
how to tell older kids mom is pregnant
How Your Body Prepares for Breastfeeding during Pregnancy
humor in parenting
I am Totally Pregnant App
immune system
In the Media
increase milk supply
indoor activities for babies
infant directed speech
infant safety
infant sleep
inverted nipples
is it safe to drink alcohol while breastfeeding?
items to avoid used
Jason Goldberg
Jason Wu
john krasinski
juggling a newborn and a toddler
July 4th
Just for Fun
juvenile diabetes
juvenile diabetes and babies
keep my car clean
keeping baby well
Kerry Washington
kid-friendly Thanksgiving
kids activities for the weekend
kids and dehydration
kids can help make Thanksgiving dinner
kids drink water
Kids New Year
kids view of marriage
Kraft Nabisco tournament
Kristen Cavallari
La Leche League
labor & delivery
Labor Day
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Labor Pain Management Techniques
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Lactation Consultant
lactation products
last minute Thanksgiving crafts
Latching On
laura silverman
Leading Lady nursing bras
leaf rubbing
leaking breast milk
leaking breasts
leaking nipples
leaving your baby for the first time
leaving your job
left handed children
Length of Labor
liquid gold
little one
Losing Baby Weight
Losing Weight After Pregnancy
LPGA tour
make breastfeeding easier
makeup during pregnancy
making mom friends
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managing tantrums
marriage and parenting
maternity bras
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men and babies
men with babies are sexier
mental health during pregnancy
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mercury levels in fish
midwife vs. doula
Mila Kunis
milk movie
Milk Supply
modeling healthy marriage
mom friends
mom is pregnant
mom judging
moms judging moms
most poisonous substances for babies
Mother's Day
Mother's Day crafts
Mothers Day gift ideas
Mothers Day gifts
Mothers Day ideas
Motivational Breastfeeding Thoughts
music and babies
my baby has colic
nameberry baby names
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Nanny vs. Daycare
National Breastfeeding Month
National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month
National Heart Month
natural baby care
natural childbirth
natural home remedies
Natural Home Remedies for Babies
navigating sleep transitions
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
new baby
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New Year's superstitions
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New Years
New Years Resolutions
New Years with Kids
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night weaning
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Nipple Confusion
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Nipple Soreness
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number of kids per family
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Nursing Bras
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Nursing Fashion
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Nursing Positions
Nursing Supplies
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Nursing Tank Tops
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Nurture your Baby’s Sense of Hearing
occupational therapy
Old Wives Tale Gender Prediction
Olivia Wilde
omega 3
omega 3 fatty acids
oral bacteria during pregnancy
oral thrush
Organizations that Support Mothers
organizing car
origin of Valentine's Day
Oscar awards
Outdoor safety
Ovarian Cancer Awareness
overweight baby
Parental Guidance
parenting and exercise
parenting and health
parenting to your child
patriotic crafts
patriotic crafts for kids
Patriotic Crafts for the 4th of July
patriotic crafts for toddlers
Paula Garces
PCOS and fertility
peanut allergies
peanut allergy
peanut allergy symptoms
pediatrician for newborn
peeling skin
perinatal mental health
physical therapy
placental abruption
Plan Your Own Mother’s Day
play room
playground recommendations for babies
PMS during pregnancy
poison control
poison deaths in babies
poison prevention
poisons for babies
polka dot maternity clothes
polycystic ovarian syndrome
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Pregnancy
positive discipline
positive effect of smiling
post-partum depression
postpartum care
postpartum depression
Postpartum Depression in Dads
postpartum hair loss
postpartum smoking
potty training
praise for children
pre potty training tips
pre-pregnancy body
pre-pregnancy weight
precautions for babies while playing outside
pregnancy and older siblings
pregnancy announcement
pregnancy apps
Pregnancy Calendar
pregnancy changes
pregnancy concerns
pregnancy cravings
pregnancy diet
Pregnancy Discrimination
pregnancy edema
Pregnancy Edema or Pregnancy Swelling
pregnancy exercise
pregnancy fashion
pregnancy gingivitis
pregnancy health
pregnancy hormones
Pregnancy in the work place
Pregnancy Myths
pregnancy nipples
pregnancy PMS
pregnancy rules
Pregnancy Stretch Marks
pregnancy swelling
pregnancy symptoms
pregnancy tips
pregnancy workouts
Pregnant Belly
pregnant celebrities
pregnant women
Prenatal Dental Care
prenatal yoga
Prenatal Yoga vs. Regular Yoga
preparing for a second baby
Preparing for baby
preparing for childbirth
preparing older children for the arrival of a new baby
Preparing to be a Stay at Home Mom
Preparing to Breastfeed
preterm labor
products that promote lactation
proper latch
protect your baby
public breastfeeding
pumping at work
pumping breast milk
pumpkin activities for babies
pumpkin dishes
pumpkin latte
pumpkin lattes
pumpkin pie
pumpkin rolls
pumpkin seeds
purpose of umbilical cord
raising children
Raising Confident Kids
Raising Happy Kids
Reaching Our Sisters Everywhere
reading and smart babies
ready for a second child
reasons to be thankful
reasons to be thankful for your kids
red carpet
red carpet dresses
reduce risk of SIDS
refresh your play room
Reminders for your Babysitter
reproductive acupuncture
reproductive health
respect women
Returning to Work
Rh disease
Rh factor
Rh Factor and Pregnancy
Rh negative
Rh positive
Rh status
risk factors for breast cancer
Risk Factors of Preterm Labor
risk of preterm labor
risk of SIDs
risks of water birth
role of a doula
role of a midwife
Rules for Cleaning out Toys
Rules of Babysitters
rules of pregnancy
sadness and weaning
safe drugs while breastfeeding
safe medications for breastfeeding
saying goodbye
Scarlett Johansson
science behind happy kids
Seamless Cotton Nursing Cami
select a pediatrician
sensory experiences for babies
separation anxiety
sexy new moms
Sexy Nursing Bras
sexy nursing bras for Valentine's Day
Sheryl Sandberg
should i get a nanny
should my baby go to daycare
siblings and baby
side sleeping during pregnancy
signs of labor
simon cowell
skin-to-skin contact
sleep deprivation with baby
sleep during pregnancy
sleep schedule
sleep tips
sleep training methods
sleep transitions
sleep while your baby sleeps
sleeping and SIDS
sleeping in bed with baby
smart babies
smoking during pregnancy
snobby kids
soleil moon frye
sound machine
special gifts for dad
speech therapy
spicy foods
spider veins
spirit of giving
Spring Fashion
starting solids
starting solids and breastfeeding
stay at home mom
staying connected
Staying Connected When You’re Away
stop mom judging
Storing Breaskmilk
stretch marks
stylish nursing tank
sucking your thumb
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Sugar substitutes
summer maternity clothes
support a friend with breast cancer
support for moms
support mothers
supporting moms supporting babies
sweet nursing bras
swelling during pregnancy
swimming with baby
swimming with baby in bath
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symptoms of dry drowning
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taking pictures of baby
talking to babies
talking to your baby
Tdap during pregnancy
Teach babies about heart health
teacher gifts
teaching children about giving back
teaching respect
teeth during pregnancy
Thanksgiving Activities
Thanksgiving cooking with kids
Thanksgiving crafts
thanksgiving day parade
Thanksgiving dinner
Thanksgiving table decor
thanksgiving trivia
that 70s show
the benefits of acupuncture
The Benefits of Acupuncture for Fertility and Pregnancy Symptoms
The Benefits of Music for Babies
The Benefits of Prenatal Yoga
The Cost of Breastfeeding
the dangers of hair tourniquet
The Ecological Benefits of Breastfeeding
The Economic Advantages of Breastfeeding
The First Response Tracker
the golden rule
The History of Breastfeeding
The Importance of Vitamin K for Newborns
the Milky Way documentary
the Milky Way movie
the Milky Way: every mother has a story
The Most Common Poisons for Babies
the positive effects of smiling at your baby
The Pregnancy Companion App
therapy in early childhood
Things to do on Christmas Eve
things to get done before having a baby
things to recycle
thrush in adults
thrush in babies
thrush symptoms
thrush treatment
thumb suckers
thumb sucking
time away from kids
tips for breastfeeding
tips for cleaning out toys
tips for colic relief
tips for diapering a baby
Tips for Flying with a Baby
tips for handling tantrums
tips for parents of left handed children
tips for sleep training
toddler and newborn
top things to do during pregnancy
toxins in cosmetics
toxins in makeup
toxins that are bad for babies
traits that influence personality
transitioning to solids
traveling with baby
treat your babysitter like family
trends in family size
type 1 diabetes
Ultimate World Breastfeeding Week
umbilical cord
umbilical cord care
unique baby boy names
unique baby girl names
unique baby names
united states
Unusual Things to Recycle
update your play space
used baby items
used car seats
used cribs
uterus transplant
vaccines during pregnancy
vaginal birth
Valentine's activities for kids
Valentine's crafts
Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day nursing bras
Valentine's Day while breastfeeding
Valentine's Day with kids
Valentine’s Day Fun Facts
varicose veins
varicose veins treatment
visiting the doctor
Vitamin K
Vitamin K and blood clotting
water birth
Ways for Dad to Bond with Baby
Ways to Burn Calories with a Baby
ways to encourage Crossing the Midline
ways to find other new moms
Ways to Get Kids to Drink Water
Ways to Get Rid of Cradle Cap
ways to praise your child
ways to relieve congestion in babies
Ways to Say Goodbye to your Child
ways to sweeten Valentine's Day
Ways to Teach Sons to Respect Women
weaning breastfeeding
weaning from breastfeeding
well-balanced diet
what can a baby hear
what is colic
what is colostrum
what is cradle cap
what is preterm labor
what is the umbilical cord
what is thrush
What Kids Perceive about Marriage from their Parents
what medications can baby take
what medicines can I take while breastfeeding
what not to buy used
what not to do during pregnancy
what not to eat during pregnancy
what things can be recycled
what to avoid during pregnancy
what to do about colic
what to do before baby arrives
what to do before potty training
What to do in a Car Crash when you’re Pregnant
what to do on Christmas Eve
what to do on Mother's Day
what to do to relieve pain during labor
what to do with a toddler while breastfeeding a baby
What to do with kids on New Years
what to eat during pregnancy
what to get for Father's Day
What to Look for in a Crib
what to look for in pediatrician
what to tell your babysitter
what type of car seat do I need
what we learn about marriage from our parents
what your baby does in womb
when to call the pediatrician
when to start solids
when to stop breastfeeding at night
where to donate breast milk
where to find a pediatrician
which foods to serve a baby
which vaccines are ok during pregnancy
white noise machine
why babies like baby talk
why babies like high-pitched voices
Why Breastfeeding Makes you Hungry and Thirsty
why children need praise
why do moms judge each other
why kids suck thumbs
why men with babies are sexy
winter vacation activities
wintertime activities
wirefree nursing bras
women’s breast milk
womens hair
World Breastfeeding Week
World Breastfeeding Week 2016
yeast diaper rash
yoga during pregnancy
yoga with baby
you baby's gut
your baby's gut